Markus has written 29 posts for prim3d

Fasting vs. Eating Less: What’s the Difference? (Science of Fasting)


  Creatine is a molecule that can rapidly produce energy (ATP) to support cellular function. It also exhibits performance-enhancing and neuroprotective properties. Creatine is well-researched and remarkably safe for most people. Full article@https://examine.com/supplements/creatine/  Summary All Essential Benefits/Effects/Facts & Information Creatine is a molecule produced in the body. It stores high-energy phosphate groups in the form … Continue reading

Gut Health Inflammation and Mood Disorders

Evidence is making it very clear that there is a strong association between gut health, brain function and mood. It has long been known that stress can wreak havoc with our digestive tract. It appears now that problems in the GI tract can also negatively impact the brain. Potentially causing anxiety and depression.   In … Continue reading

The Effects of Mild Cycles

  Note: I’m not an advocate of steroid use. The average guy should be able to get really good results with intelligently designed, drug-free training. The risks, including legal problems, usually aren’t worth it unless you’re an actor or professional athlete, where millions of dollars are at stake. Original article @t-nation.com The Debate The mainstream … Continue reading


Modafinil is a prescription medicine for narcoleptics that increases alertness and prevents sleep. It just so happens to also increase cognition and memory, and is a potent and highly regarded supplement in the category of nootropics. This page features 60 unique references to scientific papers. Original article @https://examine.com/supplements/modafinil/   Summary All Essential Benefits/Effects/Facts & Information Modafinil is an … Continue reading

Tendon Rupture and Antibiotics

You know the warning labels that come with the antibiotics you’ve been prescribed over the years? You should read them. And so should your doctor.   Unfortunately, many patients and physicians are unaware of the potentially devastating side effects of antibiotics. Indeed, antibiotics such as fluoroquinolones link to cases of tendon rupture. Fluoroquinolones are broad-spectrum antibiotics that … Continue reading

Anabolic Overview 3 – Free vs. Bound Testosterone

A very small amount of testosterone actually exists in a free state, where interaction with cellular receptors is possible. The majority will be bound to the proteins SHBG (sex hormone binding globulin, also referred to as sex steroid binding globulin and testosterone-estradiol binding globulin) and albumin, which temporarily prevent the hormone from exerting activity. Steroid … Continue reading


Noopept is the brand name for N-phenylacetyl-L-prolylglycine ethyl ester, a Nootropic molecule similar to Piracetam. Noopept may alleviate cognitive decline.   This page features 45 unique references to scientific papers.   Summary All Essential Benefits/Effects/Facts & Information Noopept is the brand name for N-phenylacetyl-L-prolylglycine ethyl ester , a synthetic nootropic molecule. Noopept has a similar … Continue reading

The Bulking Diet Delusion

by John Meadows @t-nation.com/diet-fat-loss/bulking-diet-delusion Here’s what you need to know… Bulking up by increasing body fat will decrease insulin sensitivity and impede muscle growth. The more fat you gain, the more you change your physiology to favor fat storage over muscle growth. Most people who bulk will store fat in just one area, like the belly … Continue reading

East European Bodybuilding

Muscle mass secrets from the old countries by Christian Thibaudeau |@t-nation.com   Big Bad Europeans The more you’re involved in the world of strength training, the more you get to meet interesting people and learn new training methods. Last year I attended the Weider International Grand Prix of Canada, a bodybuilding contest organized by the … Continue reading


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