How Quickly You Lose Muscle

  “You can lose up to a kg of lean body mass in just a week when you’re fully immobilized” “11% decrease in type II muscle fibre size in just […]

Testosterone dose-response in healthy young men

Abstract   Testosterone increases muscle mass and strength and regulates other physiological processes, but we do not know whether testosterone effects are dose dependent and whether dose requirements for maintaining […]


Overview and Summary   Alpha GPC is a naturally occurring choline intermediary that is formed when the body breaks down cell membranes for choline. As a supplement Alpha GPC is […]

The Balanced Macro Diet

When you first begin training, it becomes almost immediately apparent that you will need to eat well if you’re going to reach your goals. But how much protein should you […]


Original PRL-8-53 Overview   PRL-8-53 is a nootropic research compound first synthesized in the 1970’s by Dr Nikolaus Hansl while working at Creighton University. The compound takes its name […]


Original article@smarternootropics     Overview IDRA-21 is a relatively new nootropic compound. It works as an ampakine stimulant drug and is currently being researched in regards to its effects in […]

Slow Reps vs. Fast Reps

Repetition speed – how fast you lift a weight and how fast you lower a weight – has always been somewhat of a controversy among lifters. Some say that the […]

Cardiovascular Toxicity of Illicit Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use

Abstract Background: Millions of individuals have used illicit anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS), but the long-term cardiovascular associations of these drugs remain incompletely understood. Methods: Using a cross-sectional cohort design, we recruited 140 experienced […]


  Creatine is a molecule that can rapidly produce energy (ATP) to support cellular function. It also exhibits performance-enhancing and neuroprotective properties. Creatine is well-researched and remarkably safe for most […]